VICTOR EMANUEL III RE D'ITALIA
KING VICTOR EMMANUEL III OF ITALY
Undated copper medal with bust of the King by S.J.
Stefano Johnson, Die-sinker Milan 1868 -
46mm diameter with a ring suspension removed.
The Obverse is in the style of a 1908 commerative medal
Reverse: blank within laurel wreath.
On 15 April 1861, Kingdom of Sardinia/Piedmont flag (the Italian tricolour with Savoy's coat of arms) was declared the national flag of the newly-formed Regno d'Italia (Kingdom of Italy). The Italian tricolour with Savoy's coat of arms was the Italian flag for 85 years, until the fall of the royal house of Italy.
Victor Emmanuel was born on
In 1896 Victor Emmanuel married Princes Elena of Montenegro. They had five children, among who were Umberto, the last legal king of
Corpus Nummorum Italicorum. Primo tentativo di un catalogo general delle monete medievali e moderne coniate in Italia o da italiani in altri paesi. 20 vols. A. Forni,
In 1943 Victor Emmanuel, while retaining his title, handed over what was left of the royal power to his son. In May 1946 he abdicated, but the monarchy outlasted him by less than a month. The former King was welcomed in excile by another numsmatist - King Farouk.
King Farouk the First of Egypt, reigned from 1936 until 1952. was a prolific collector. His coin collection included an estimated 8,500 gold coins and medals. King Farouk made most of his coin purchases in the 1940s, in an era when a numismatic dollar and an Egyptian pound went a long way.
Several American dealers supplied the king with coins, but they soon discovered that a downside to selling to him was that it usually took a long time to receive payment, especially if the invoice totaled more than $10,000. The larger invoices had to be routed to the Egyptian treasury, significantly increasing the time it took for the payment to be received, whereas the king had the authority to authorize payment of the smaller invoices. Not surprisingly, the American dealers soon learned to limit the invoices to less than $10,000. When all was said and done, King Farouk had amassed one of the largest, most important collections of coins in the history of numismatics.
The famous Palace Collections of Egypt coin auction, featuring the numismatic collection of the former King Farouk of
Victor Emmanuel died in exile in
deWardt Collection, will be donated to
The American Numismatic Society.