Another story, this time Mutt alone.

The last two weekends Mutt went alone, first to a small antique show held at a park in Fort Lauderdale.  There weren’t many sellers there, but the weather for late February was beautiful, sunny, low eighties, and a breeze, compared to up North with it’s freezing and two feet of snow.  There were two dealers who had medals, one asking too much for some large insurance industry medals.  The other vendor had a few items of interest, some silver and with the price of silver over $20 an oz., at the time asking in excss of Mutt’s budget for the medal. But, the dealer did have one; a gold plated maybe ‘Polish medal’.  Mutt’s stayed within his budget and purchased the medal.  The next step was to spend multiple hours on the Internet to research the medal.  This is the story.  The dates 1944-1969 indicated that it was the 25th Anniversary of a WWII military campaign.

The Monte Cassino, with the abbey of at the crest, which was blown up by Allied bombers, and occupied the next few days by Nazi soldiers, was the subject.  Allied troops tried several attempts to take the position, unsuccessfully.  Finally the Polish Army in Exile that had come from Palestine, before transit to the beaches of Italy, under the Command of General Broni Weadystaw Anders, captured the hilltop.

Obverse: In the center, Monte Cassino with Abbey.  In the air above, the tree limbs after the bombing.  Inscription, around: • DWUDZIESTA PIATA ROCCZNICA BITWY O MONTE CASSINO • 1944-1969

Reverse: General Anders, profile-facing left.  Inscription above around: • GENERAL BRONI WLADYSLAW ANDERS • Inscription below around: DOWODCA 2-60 POLSKIEGO KORPUSU

38mm Gold Plated

The abbey at Monte Cassino was founded in the year 529 on a site of the temple of Apollo, 75 miles southeast of Rome. From the hilltop at 1,700 feet, it overlooks the town of Cassino and the surrounding countryside. 

In late 1943, Cassino and its abbey stood in the way the Allies on their way to liberate Rome from Nazi control. The Germans from the Abby vantage point controlled air and ground fire against the Allies.  The Allied bombed the abbey, then, three times, starting on January 17, 1944, American and British troops tried to take Monte Cassino, and three times they were hurled back. Then the Polish 2nd Corps, under the command of General Anders, took their place; after three days of fierce fighting, on May 18, the Poles raised their white-and red-Polish flag on top of the ruins of the monastery. It was a costly victory: the 2nd Polish Corps counted 1,000 dead and 3,000 wounded. 

The Polish soldiers had come to Cassino by a circuitous route. Following the defeat of Poland by Soviet and German Armies, they had been imprisoned in Russian Gulags. Anders himself had been held in the notorious Lubianka Prison in Moscow. During the political tumult following the German attack on Russia, the Poles were released and made their way to Palestine through Iran, Iraq and Syria to join British Forces in Palestine.  This Force went on to fight in Italy and became the Polish 2nd Corps under General Anders.

Link to General Anders bio:

Mutt went alone on the next weekend to an indoor garage sale venue, For people who don’t have garages There he found two additional medals.

The 1984 Olympic Games Medallion issued jointly by the Organizing Committees of the Games of XXIIIrd Olympiad in Los Angeles, California and the XIV Olympic Winter Games in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia.

 

Obverse: The Olympic flame and the Bird of Peace with the Olympic rings below/ 1984 / SARAJEVO-LOS ANGLES, around below. 

Reverse: Star design / Olympic rings / symbol, below, GAMES OF THE XXIIIrd OLYMPIAD LOS ANGELES, above around, XIV ZIMSKE OLIMPIJSKE IGRE SARAJEVO, below around. 

65 mm bronze

Of much greater interest, was the next find, a white metal medal with special hanging bracket, commenorating the unveiling in 1886 of Brant Monument in honor of Captain Joseph Brant, Mohawk leader and British military officer during the American Revolution from Canada.

Obverse: Portrait of Indian Chief, with inscription, above around: THAYENDANAGEA – CAPTAIN JOSEPH BRANT / BORN 1742. DIED 1807 

Reverse: Brant Monument, in center / BRANT MEMORIAL UNVEILED AT BRANTFORD, CANADA. 1886

 38mm - white metal - 1886

Manufacturer - P W Ellis & Co. 40 Front St., Tronto, Ontario

Jewellery, Medals and Silversmith

 Joseph 'Thayendanegea' BRANT, influential in bridging the thinking and cultures of the British in America and the Six Nations Indians 1742-1807.

He was born in Ohio. Brant came to Ontario at the age of eight when his parents returned to their native Mohawk Valley, which was part of the Six Nations Indians (comprised of the Mohawks, Onondagas, Senecas, Oneidas and Cayugas; the Tuscarroras of Carolina joined later) who lived in the area between the Hudson River on the east and Niagara River on the west. The Mohawks were living along the Hudson, and the Senecas along the Niagara.

   Brant was married three times. First to Christina, daughter of an Oneida chief, with whom he had two children. After Christina's death due to tuberculosis, he married her sister Susannah who also died of tuberculosis soon after. His third marriage was about 1783 to Catherine Croghan.

Chief Joseph Brant of the Mohawk Tribe, died in 1807 and was buried at his Wellington Square home at Burlington but his remains were later moved to the Mohawk Chapel in Brantford in 1850.

An ad in the American Numismatic Association - The Numismatist 1893 lists the medal .

For Sale - White Metal Medal Brant and Brant's Monument, which is the only Indian Monument in Canada.

35¢ From C. Westley Price , Detroit, Mich.

Chief Brant link page

Mutt and Jeff had great pleasure in finding the stories connected to these medals.

There is one question - unanswered - who manufactured the first two?

Click the Mutt & Jeff picture for an e-mail address. Thanks for any help.